Melasma Treatment at Dr. Samatha Clinic in Hyderabad

Melasma is a common pigmentation disorder that leads to the development of dark-brown or blue-gray patches on sun-exposed areas of the skin. These patches can appear as freckle-like spots or flat patches and are often distributed symmetrically on both sides of the face. Melasma is also known as chloasma or the “mask of pregnancy” when it occurs in pregnant women.

Although melasma is harmless and not associated with internal diseases, it can affect a person’s appearance and self-esteem, prompting them to seek treatment for cosmetic purposes. It is more prevalent in people with darker skin tones, and women are at a higher risk, especially those taking birth control pills, undergoing hormone replacement therapy, or experiencing hormonal changes during pregnancy.

Causes of Melasma

Melasma occurs when melanocytes, the skin’s pigment-producing cells, produce an excess of melanin, resulting in darker patches. Hormonal changes, especially during pregnancy or due to birth control pills, can influence melanin production, making women more susceptible to melasma. Prolonged sun exposure, including visible light from bulbs, can also contribute to its development. Irritated skin during the healing process may also lead to brown spots. Additionally, thyroid disorders and stress can exacerbate melasma.

Best Melasma Treatment at Dr. Samatha Clinic

In most cases, melasma may resolve on its own, especially after discontinuing hormonal medications or following pregnancy. However, for those whose melasma persists or causes concern, dermatologist-recommended topical creams or in-office procedures can be effective.

Treatment options include:

  1. Topical Creams: Hydroquinone is a commonly prescribed depigmenting agent that reduces melanocyte activity. Creams combining hydroquinone with other agents like azelaic acid, kojic acid, tretinoin, corticosteroids, or glycolic acid may also be used. Over-the-counter natural products can be effective for mild cases.
  2. In-Office Procedures: For moderate to severe cases, skin resurfacing procedures can be performed by experienced dermatologists. Options include:
  • Chemical Peels: Chemical agents (varying acid strengths) exfoliate the skin, removing superficial lesions and stimulating regeneration.
  • Microdermabrasion: This minimally-invasive procedure uses abrasive tools to remove outer skin layers, stimulating new cell growth.
  • Laser Treatment: Q-switched lasers and intense pulsed light target excess melanin, promoting collagen production and skin rejuvenation.

It is crucial to wear broad-spectrum sunscreens daily and avoid irritating skin products. Patients with melasma can seek personalized treatment plans at Dr. Samatha Clinic, benefiting from the expertise of our experienced dermatologists.

Melasma treatment in Hyderabad at Dr. Samatha Clinic offers effective solutions to manage melasma and achieve clearer, healthier-looking skin. Our goal is to help patients regain their confidence and feel comfortable in their appearance.